Argentina
San Miquel de Tucuman
San Miguel de Tucuman is an active commercial and industrial center with an important National University and an intense night life. In the center of the city, the Independence House, a colonial-style construction where the General Congress met on 9th July 1816, stands out. Numerous buildings and museums harbor relics from the 16th and 17th centuries, notably the Cathedral, e San Francisco Temple, both opposite the Plaza Independencia, the Church of the Merced and the Obispo Colombres House, where the grinding mill and cauldrons of the first sugar factory installed in Tucuman are shown.

Villa Nogues is a charming village in the Sierras de San Javier, 28 km to the west of San Miguel de Tucuman. There, in very hot days, the temperature is about 10 C lower than in the capital city. It was founded in the 19' century. The road that goes from Tucuman to Villa Nougues was one of the first mountain roads built in the country. In the beginning, men travelled along this road on horse and women were carried in sedan chairs. It as also at that time that the weekend houses that surround the village were built. Here as well as in the Villa San Javier, a natural balcony to the sugar mills, the sugar cane plantations and the city, there is a beautiful view of the surroundings. 

Tafi del Valle is 107 km from San Miguel de Tucuman. The Alto Valle de Tafi was one of the regions wealthy families cherished and where they built their summer country houses: in effect there are still numerous estancias around the urban center. This is a large valley located in a depression that divides the Aconquija Mountain Range to the south and the Calchaquies Hills to the north. The archaeological remains found in this region are a testimony of the times when this place was inhabited by the Indians. In the Los Menhires Park in El Mollar, there are numerous stone sculptures that reach a length of 3 meters long and a thickness of 20 cm.; they were only sculpted on one side or only polished. Some 129 menhirs were found and placed on a hill. A 38 km circuit allows the visitor to travel through the valley in a peripheral way. Towards the north, the road goes up to the Abra del Infiernillo, 3.000 m. above sea level, connecting Tafi del Valle with Amaicha del Valle. 

At this spot, the road offers two options: to continue to the north up to the Quilmes Ruins or to go on to Santa Maria village.

Quilmes Ruins - This was an old Indian settlement that belonged to the Quilmes Indians, who were part of the Calchaquies culture, in the Santa Maria Valley. The complex lies on the eastern side of the Sierra del Quilmes, where the main urban center was located within a natural amphitheater. The central citadel is protected by fortresses on both sides and an aerial view of the urban complex shows the extraordinary thickness of the walls of the houses and patios. The houses were roofed with cactuses' stems and branches plastered with mud. These ruins go on several kilometers further to the southeast and it is thought that in Quilmes, during its best times, around 2500 Indians lived, all of which, due to their repeated rebellions, were deported to other regions.

Santa Maria, 180 km from Tucuman, was originally a Franciscan mission in a densely populated Indian area. It is located in the geographical center of a rich archaeological zone (here a certain kind of pottery found was classified as belonging to the Santa Maria culture). Numerous interesting places can be visited such as the Quemado Fort, Ampajango with its petrogliphs (20 km away), Loma Rica (a 3-hour tour) and Cerro Pintado (8 km away). From Santa Maria on, the road runs through the Calchaquies Valleys up to Cafayate, at 1660 m. above sea level. 

From here, it is possible to continue to the north up to the town of Cachi or to go directly to Salta, 190 km away.